Vision, Reading and Spelling
- Complains of dizziness, headaches, or stomach aches while reading.
- Is confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations.
- Reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions, omissions, substitutions and reversals in letters, numbers and/or words.
- Complains of feeling or seeing non-existent movement while reading, writing or copying.
- Seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don't reveal a problem.
- Extremely keen sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception and peripheral vision.
- Reads and re-reads with little comprehension.
- Spells phonetically and inconsistently.
Hearing and Speech
- Has extended hearing; hears things not said or apparent to others; easily distracted by sounds.
- Difficulty putting thoughts into words; speaks in halting phrases; leaves sentences incomplete; stutters under stress; mispronounces long words, or transposes phrases, words and syllables when speaking.
Writing and Motor Skills
- Trouble with writing or copying; pencil grip is unusual; handwriting varies or is illegible.
- Clumsy, uncoordinated, poor at ball or team sports; difficulties with fine and⁄or gross motor skills and tasks; prone to motion-sickness.
- Can be ambidextrous, and often confuses left⁄right, over⁄under.
Maths and Time Management
- Has difficulty telling time, managing time, learning sequenced information or tasks, or being on time.
- Computing math shows dependence on finger counting and other tricks; knows answers, but can’t do it on paper.
- Can count, but has difficulty counting objects and dealing with money.
- Can do arithmetic, but fails word problems, cannot grasp algebra or higher maths.
Memory and Cognition
- Excellent long-term memory for experiences, locations and faces.
- Poor memory for sequences, facts, and information that has not been experienced.
- Thinks primarily with images and feelings, not sounds or words (little internal dialogue).
Behaviour, Health, Development and Personality
- Extremely disorderly or compulsively orderly.
- Can be a class clown, trouble-maker, or too quiet.
- Had unusually early or late developmental stages (talking, crawling, walking, tying shoelaces).
- Prone to ear infections, sensitive to foods, additives and chemical products.
- Can be an extra deep or light sleeper; bedwetting beyond appropriate age.
- Unusually high or low tolerance for pain.
- Strong sense of justice; emotionally sensitive; strives for perfection.
- Mistakes and symptoms increase dramatically with confusion, time pressure, emotional stress or poor health.
Adapted from “37 Common Characteristics of Dyslexia”. © 1992 by Ronald D. Davis. Used with permission.
What is this Gift?
The following are some of the gifts and abilities shared by picture thinkers:
- To use the brain’s ability to alter and create perceptions
- Highly aware of their environment
- More curious than most people
- Think mainly in pictures instead of words
- Highly intuitive and insightful
- Think and perceive things multi-dimensionally – using all senses
- Have the ability to experience thought as reality
- Have a very vivid imagination
This talent is an asset for various activities and can improve or enhance a person’s performance in: • Music/dancing • ‘Reading’ people • Mechanical arts • Strategic planning • Inventing • Drama/role-playing • Designing • Manual skills • Art • Building • Sports • Engineering • Storytelling • Writing
You can find people with dyslexia in every field and from all walks of life. They are artists, athletes, designers, inventors, scientists, entertainers, architects, entrepreneurs, and business people.
Whatever the labels are, if you or someone you know has learning difficulties, you probably experience disorientation to some degree. This is an idea to embrace, because not only do you think and learn differently but you also have many gifts. These gifts and a positive attitude will help you succeed.