What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia literally means ‘trouble with words’. It is a term used to describe difficulties with reading, writing, spelling and mathematical symbols. It has now been sub-sectioned into many different labels such as dyspraxia, ADD, ADHD, visual-spatial learners, central auditory processing disorder, visual processing disorder, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, processing disorders, and so on. Although these labels are usually regarded as separate from one another, the underlying symptoms can result from the same thing: “disorientation”.
How Dyslexia “Works”
There are 3 factors that cause dyslexia.
The first of these factors is the ability to think in pictures. Picture thinking, typically at 32 pictures a second, is a lot faster than thinking with the sounds of words (typically 100-200 words per minute). It shows in higher intelligence, creativity and problem solving abilities that picture thinkers exhibit.
The pictures are 3-dimensional and very realistic. The individual can quickly imagine what an object, such as a chair, looks like from in front, behind, above, below – any angle at will. This second factor is not a problem in itself, but when this ability is used to understand 2-dimensional symbols, picture-thinkers become confused.
In its simplest form, a dyslexic can confuse b for d or p or q by looking at it or imagining it from different perspectives. In this way a dyslexic can confuse words like was and saw, become a creative speller, show incorrect grammar with incorrect word order in a sentence, or show illogical thoughts by disordered sentences or paragraphs within an essay.
Because picture thinking is so fast, dyslexics write slower than they can think, miss out parts of the story and become frustrated by the process.
As picture thinkers read, they have a movie going in their imagination. With words like brown horse jumps white fence green paddock, the movie is clear. When they come across words like the over a and into there are no pictures. Typically they skip over or substitute these words. This causes the movie to blip like a poor quality VCR or scratched DVD; too many blips and the video jams.